Conflict of laws (often referred to as "private international law") governs the choice of law to apply when there are conflicts in the domestic law of different countries related to private transactions across borders. We conclude deals with a variety of topics such as contracts, marriage and divorce, jurisdiction, recognition of judgments, child adoption and abduction, and the like.
Every legal order in the world has its own rules relating to private law that focus on the legal relationships between private entities. People marry a foreign citizen or find a job in a different country. Conflict of laws comes into play whenever a court is faced with a question that contains a foreign element (connection). It is the function of private international law to provide answers to these questions and to ensure just solutions.